Every webpage you visit in your web browser uses HTML along with many other web technologies. HTML is the most basic and essential component of every webpage.
HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. Let's break down the meaning of Hypertext Markup Language.
Every webpage you see generally has lots of links in it which are called hyperlinks. When you click on them, you get moved to another part of the same page or a completely new page. These clickable pieces of texts are called Hypertext (The URL which they lead you to is called the Hyperlink).
The second part is the markup language. On a web page, you have lots of different pieces of content like text, images, and videos. A markup language allows you to specify the different pieces of content by the use of tags. E.g. By using the <p> and </p> tags, you specify the start and end of a paragraph element in HTML.
Therefore, HTML is a markup language designed for the web that allows you to link different pieces of information using Hypertext.
You can write an HTML file in any text editor. Some recommended text editors are Sublime Text 3, Atom, Notepad++ and Bracket.
Below is some sample HTML code. In the next article, you will learn about the basic structure of an HTML file which will make understand the below example completely.